[2nd edition c2011 updated 2013]

Updates on Cancun and Cap and trade and Bottled water videos incorporated into book – 155 pages long.

Science teachers:

  • Do you want a manual that covers the Australian curriculum on science?
  • Do you want your students in years 7 to study sustainability?
  • Do you want them to look at food, water, transport, peak oil, and Cap and Trade?
  • Do you want them to communicate their findings?

Sustainability in the 21st century part 1 could be your answer.

Divided into years 5-6 and 7-8 for poor and good readers. Suitable for year 7.

Australian curriculum: ACARA: Year 7 Science

Science and understanding:

#1 Sustainability (organisms)

#2 Sustainability (food chains)

Earth and space sciences:

#2 Sustainability (non-renewables)

#3 Sustainability (water)

Science as a human endeavour:

Nature and development of science:

#2 Sustainability (connecting ideas)

Use and influence of science:

#1 Sustainability (human activity)

#2 Sustainability (human activity)

#3 Sustainability (occupations)

The eBook is $10 pre-paid by cheque or EFT and emailed as a PDF attachment. Email Michael for an invoice which will have EFT details.


An example: Lesson 10 yr 7-8 Global warming

word search,.



The inaugural meeting of the Asian Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate was held in Sydney in January 2006.

The APP had agreed to co-operate on the reduction of greenhouse gas



Member countries (of the APP) account for over 50% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption, GDP and population. Unlike the Kyoto

Protocol (currently unratified by the United States), which imposes mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions, the Partnership engages member countries to accelerate the development and deployment of clean energy technologies, with no mandatory enforcement mechanism. This has led to criticism that the Partnership is worthless, by other governments, climate scientists and

environmental groups. Proponents, on the other hand, argue that unrestricted economic growth and emission reductions can only be brought about through

active engagement by all major polluters, which includes India and China; within the Kyoto Protocol framework neither India nor China are yet required to reduce emissions.

[from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia_Pacific_Partnership_on_Clean_Development_and_Climate]

2. Answer this question::

Which two countries are not yet required to reduce emissions?




Greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere are water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. In the Solar System, the atmospheres of Venus, Mars, and Titan also contain gases that cause greenhouse effects. Greenhouse gases greatly affect the temperature of the Earth; without them, Earth’s surface would be on average about 33 °C (59 °F) colder than at present.

Since the beginning of the Industrial revolution, the burning of fossil fuels has increased the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from 280ppm to 390ppm.

3. Answer this question:

Name the primary greenhouse gases.


The main sources of greenhouse gases due to human activity are:

  • burning of fossil fuels and deforestation leading to higher carbon dioxide
  • concentrations. Land use change (mainly deforestation in the tropics) account for up to one third of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions.
  • livestock enteric fermentation and manure management, paddy rice farming, land use and wetland changes, pipeline losses, and covered vented landfill emissions leading to higher methane atmospheric concentrations. Many of the newer style fully vented septic systems that enhance and target the
  • fermentation process also are sources of atmospheric methane.
  • use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigeration systems, and use of CFCs and halons in fire suppression systems and manufacturing processes.
  • agricultural activities, including the use of fertilizers, that lead to higher nitrous oxide (N2O) concentrations.

[ from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas#Anthropogenic_greenhouse_gases]

4. Name three (3) human activities which raise the levels of carbon dioxide.






The quantity of CFCs (in tonnes) reduced from 14,000 in 1989 to 2,800 in 1995.

[Australian Academy of Science. (1997). Activity 4—earth’s sunscreen—the ozone layer. Retrieved 10 May 2006 from http://www.science.org.au/nova/004/004act04.html]


The Cancun summit

The outcome of the (Cancun) summit was an agreement, not a binding treaty, which aims to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees celsius above pre-industrial levels and calls on rich countries to reduce their greenhouse gas

emissions as pledged in the Copenhagen Accord, and for developing countries to plan to reduce their emissions. The agreement includes a “Green Climate” fund, proposed to be worth $100 billion a year by 2020, to assist poorer countries finance emission reductions and adaptation. There was no agreement on how to extend the Kyoto Protocol, or how the $100 billion a year for the Green Climate Fund will be raised, or whether developing countries should have binding emissions reductions or whether rich countries would have to reduce emissions first.

5. Do you think this agreement will limit global warming to less than 2 degrees




LOG ON to the Internet


6. i. search for ‘The story of cap and trade Annie Leonard’.

.ii. click on The story of Cap and Trade – story of stuff to learn about

emissions trading and what you could do under Take action

e.g. recycling. Take  notes.


7. iii. Go to: http://planetark.org/wen/58406

and read about the melting Himalayas.

iv. Which country is most at risk? ________________________

v. record the reference in your Sustainable journal .


.          What does this mean for us?

What can we do to minimise global warming?

Make notes in your Sustainable journal about what you are doing or could  be doing,    e.g. you may tell your parents what you’ve learned in this lesson.

You could ride your bike instead of being driven everywhere.

Sometimes we need to be driven if sport or friends live a long way away and there’s no public transport nearby.

9 Make a poster on Cap and Trade OR the Himalayas.

10. Add your own comments about reducing global warming.


11. i. check your word search and other Global Warming answers for

Lesson 10.

ii. display your poster.